16/11/06

16/11/06

The philosophy of small, composable, single-purpose tools never goes out of style.

16/09/05

Real reason we open sourced everything: it’s easier to search the internet than it was to search our internal wiki

via twitter

How to be a 10x engineer: help ten other engineers be twice as good.

via twitter

15/12/26

也许选择自己想做的事,未必能得到你一开始想要得到的结果。 但请永远珍惜能激发出你光和热的事物,因为他们才是你变优秀的源泉。

想要变得更强更优秀,有些时候,就是在于抛开你的害怕,放下你的完美主义,收敛你的精明,而只是简简单单地「去做」罢了

一个常常在进行着接近自己限度的斗争的人总是常常失败的,一个想探索自然奥秘的人也常常会失败,一个想改革社会的人更是常常失败。 只有那些安于自己限度之内的生活的人才总是“胜利”,这种“胜利者”之所以长胜不败,只是因为他的对手是早已降伏的,或者说,他根本没有投入斗争。

王小波 - 沉默的大多数

15/11/06

年轻的时候,如果不知道要做什么,又不想浪费时间的话,有两件事总是没错的。一,多赚钱,让物质更自由。二,多读书,让思想更自由。要想将来能过上自己想要的独立生活,这两者必不可少。所以,无论何时,多读书。

When I was a child I ate a lot of food. Most of it is long gone and forgotten, but certainly some of it became my very bones and flesh. Think of reading as the same thing for the mind.

15/10/07

The most impressive people I know spent their time head down getting shit done for a long long time

— Sam Altman

15/09/15

when you don’t create things, you become defined by your tastes rather than ability. your tastes only narrow & exclude people. so create.

— Why The Lucky Stiff

15/09/06

computer programming is an art, because it applies accumulated knowledge to the world, because it requires skill and ingenuity, and especially because it produces objects of beauty. A programmer who subconsciously views himself as an artist will enjoy what he does and will do it better.

— Donald Knuth

15/09/04

远程工作的关键是:独处以进行深度地思考。

当然,远程办公也有很多挑战。即使独处,你也可能被来自其他方面的影响打断。如果在家,可能被电视机打断。如果在咖啡馆,可能被隔壁桌吵闹的讨论声打扰。但是关键是:这些因素是我们可以控制的。

让他们自由选择一个良好的工作环境,保持愉快的心情,好的结果也是顺理成章的事情。

在远程办公的初期,你可能会感觉周围没有其他同事一起工作是一种解脱。但是从长期来看,你可能也会失去一些东西。例如,当你想讨论一件事情的时候,发现身边没有同事可以与你头脑风暴,或者争论。

另外,由于没有硬性的规章制度和监督,所以每个实行远程办公的同事,自己都需要有很高的自觉性和责任感。对于很多有拖延症的人来说,这点很难做到。

在进行一次真正的面对面交流之前,我们需要事先就把问题思考清楚。

大部分人不敢于尝试远程办公,原因在于缺乏信任。老板们会担忧:

如果我不呆在员工身边的话,他们会认真工作吗?他们会不会整天上网聊天,或者溜出去玩视频游戏?

然而实际情况是:如果你的员工真是要上网聊天或者玩游戏,那即使他们在自己办公室的座位上,也会偷偷这么做的。

如果我们总是纠结在信任问题上,那么我们的问题出在招聘环节上。

你的问题在于招聘了错误的员工,无论是否采用远程办公,他们都不会高效地工作。

在家中办公,身边当然会充满诱惑:没看完的肥皂剧、PlayStation、冰啤酒、需要收的衣服、等等。那么如何才能保证项目进度?很简单,你有必须要完成的工作。而且,你是一个有责任心的人。

能够适应远程协作的员工都是最优秀的员工。

很少人愿意承认,他们不愿尝试远程办公的原因是,害怕失去控制权。能够每天看到手下的员工,有时甚至能够命令他们“现在就去做”,对于老板来说是很重要的。

一旦开始尝试远程办公,你会发现,结果本身成了衡量员工唯一的标准。

没有真正意义上的1个小时的会议。如果1个小时的会议有5个人参与,那么实际上,这是一个5小时(工作小时)的会议。

即使是远程协作,你也能随时感觉到”周围的同事”。

长时间保持一个稳定的团队,对于提高工作效率和质量是非常关键的。同事之间的关系越紧密,工作的质量也会更高。

请记住,和优秀的人一起完成伟大的工作,这是我们能够体会到的幸福感最持久的事情。

与招聘优秀的员工相比,维持良好的公司内部氛围更加重要。

情绪是会传染的,无论是好情绪或坏情绪。(破窗效应)

我们发现准确判断一个人的工作能力的方式,是直接给到一个小型的测试项目或问题给到应聘者去完成。一般整个过程会持续1-2个星期。另外,我们一般也会给到一定的回报,金额在1500美金左右。

从事智力工作,激情是非常重要的源动力。如果达到兴奋的工作状态,往往一天就能完成一周的工作量。

唯一有效的方法,鼓励人们从事他们喜欢并且在乎的工作,并且与那些他们喜欢和在乎的同事一起。没有其它捷径。

— Rework

只有一条真理决定了一个软件程序员的成功还是失败。由于坚持这个真理,一个资深的程序员能在一天的时间里学会一门新的编程语言,而由于不坚持这条真理,一个初级的程序员用十年时间也只能挣到一份糊口的钱、永远是来实现别人的设计、永远不够优秀而得不到晋升的机会。这条真理让你看清了差的程序员和好的程序员的不同之处,好的程序员和伟大的程序员的不同之处,伟大的程序员和能通过自己的技术创造出一个亿万美元价值的程序帝国的超级程序员的不同之处。

不是什么复杂的道理,不是什么难懂的理论。不是具有什么天赋或“编程超能力“才能做到的事情。最终成为的是一个优秀的程序员还是一个很烂的程序员,这跟你的出身一点关系都没有。 而真正的原因只有一个,唯一的一个:

对所做的事情的理解越深,你就会做的越好。

超级程序员跟那些平庸的、一般的程序员比起来,对自己要做的事情的理解要深的多的多。这就是原因。

The Singular Secret of the Rockstar Programmer

培养幽默感,以建立更强大的隐喻。

两个想法相距越远,越难以通过有效的隐喻联系起来。但我们遇到一个格外具有创造性的隐喻,且两参照系距离适中,我们就不得不几百年来一直歌颂这位作者。

增加感官体验,以促进大脑的使用。

直觉和模式匹配能力超越了显性知识。

你的价值取决于你为团队带来的价值。

大脑不是软件,软件不会老化,不会退化。但是大脑必须刷新,必须使用,否则就会丢失记忆。

R型在存储输入方面非常卖力,事实上可能你的每次经历,无论多么平淡乏味,都会被存储。但是它不一定被索引。当你努力解决一个问题时,R型进程会搜索你的所有记忆以寻找解决方案。

L型处理语言、分析、符号、抽象、时间、推理、数字、逻辑、现象思维。

R型处理直觉、综合、想象。

积极的情感对学习和创造性思维非常关键。当你充满了消极情绪时,你的大脑就开始停止提供多余的资源。

美学可以改变这些,不论是用户界面、代码和注释的布局,还是变量名的选择或桌面的整理。

当你努力解决一个问题时,你的所有记忆都会被扫描——甚至那些你无法主动唤醒的记忆。

养成一种收集思维鹅卵石的习惯,一旦有了积累,造墙的过程就会很容易。

你是否注意到伟大的想法或者领悟可能会在最出乎意料的时候降临?比如洗澡、刷盘子或其他一些枯燥、琐碎的工作时。这是因为L型有点厌倦了这种常规任务,走了神,这才让R型得以自由地展示自己地发现。

改变解决问题的角度(角色扮演)。

培养快速的洞察力,寻找不相关事物之间的关系或类比。

大脑不是一个用于填充的容器,而是一束需要点燃的火焰。这不是别人可以帮你做的,而是一件你必须自己做的事情。

建立SMART任务实现你的目标。

所有的知识投资都有价值。即使你从来不会在工作中使用某项技术,它也会影响你思考和解决问题的方式。

考虑投资的回报率。

当你种菜时,如果菜长的不好,你不会怪责菜,你会寻找其他理由。菜可能需要更多的肥料或者水,或者少晒太阳,你决不会怪责菜。

SQ3R主动学习法(Survy, Question, Read, Recite, Review)。

使用思维导图做笔记。

以教代学(橡皮鸭调试法),向你所在领域之外的人解释。

把事物分成大脑足以容纳的几部分。

L型模式的CPU有一种「空闲循环」程序,如果没有更紧迫的事情值得你去注意,闲置程序将会停留在一些低等级的困扰或紧急的问题上,而这会干扰R型的处理。

大部分冥想、瑜伽以及类似的练习都是为了这个相同的目标:缓和大脑里L型嘈杂的声音所带来的痛苦,生活在此刻,不要将你的精力不必要的分散,因为内心中喋喋不休的事情会击倒我们。

使用wiki来管理信息和知识。

「不作为」是敌人,「错误」不是。

给新习惯适应的时间。

制定一段时间计划,然后努力实现。跟踪你的进度,当你感觉做得不够时,重新审视你的成果。

信念是真实的,你必须相信这种改变是可能的。

采取步步为营的细小步骤。

新手的大脑有很多可能性,但是专家的却很少。

抓住方向盘,不要自动驾驶。

— 程序员思维修炼

以色列是这个世界上唯一一个这样的国家,在这个国家里每个权力人物 – 包括总理和军队政要,都有一个所有人都可以叫的绰号。包括普通老百姓在内,谁都可以用绰号称呼他们。用米德维的话说,这就是以色列式的不拘礼节。

以色列在美国Nasdaq的上市公司数量仅次于美国 这个国家只有700万人口。

绝大多数的当地投资者认为,如果不能包容相当数量的失败,真正的创新也就不可能实现。要区分”精心策划的实验和盲目的轮盘赌”之间的差别。

从鼓励异议和赞同分歧的角度来说,企业领导的目标应该是使阻力最大话,把所有的异议都带到桌面上来,公开讨论以便找到解决之道。

在一个没有那么多繁文缛节的国家,做起事来轻松多了。

以色列人缺乏纪律意识,从出生开始就被教导要挑战既成之事,多问问题,讨论所有的事情,大胆创新。

通常以色列军队的战术创新都是由下而上进行的,由个体的坦克指挥官或者他们的军官向上传递。对于这些战士来说,大概永远不可能发生他们自己去问上级该如何解决问题,或者说他们没权力决定这么做的情况。在以色列,几乎每个人都要在军队服役,在两到三年的服役期间,这种文化已经深深地植入了以色列公民的灵魂。

在以色列军队,当局放权给底层的力度之大常常让人惊讶,甚至连以色列的领导人有时也会为此大吃一惊。

当一个出租车司机能指挥百万富翁,23岁的年轻人训练自己的叔叔时,等级制度就自然消失了。预备役制度从本质上强化了这一点,反等级的理念在以色列随处可见,从作战室到教室再到董事会会议室,它无处不在。

阿莫斯曾经全职服务于以色列突击队5年之久,之后的25年他一直在预备役部队。”在这三十年的时间里,我从没向任何人行过致敬礼。我甚至不是一名军官,而只是一名普通的士兵。”

在这里一切都是以你的表现为导向而不是地位。

对于领导来说,最关键的就是士兵对他的信心。如果你不相信他,如果你对他没有信心,你就不可能跟随他。

他必须成为一名出色的将军,从根本上说,那就是要人们发自内心地跟随他。

以色列45%的公民都接受了大学教育,这个比例在世界范围内都位列最高水平。

一个人在冒险之前应该先积累经验的道理根本不存在,虽然这在生意场上还真有点用处。过多的时间和经验只能教给你察觉现存或即将发生的问题,不会教你创新和改革的能力。

以色列的公司都是不用招聘广告的,都是靠口口相传,这里的社会关系非常简单,大家都彼此认识。

这恰恰就是以色列的企业家们所成长的环境,他们受益于稳定的体系和先进民主国家的法律,但同时也受益于以色列没有等级制度的文化氛围。这里的每个商人都生活在相互重叠的社交圈里,有的是小社团,有的是共同服过兵役,有的是邻居,都是非正式的圈子。

— 创业的国度

15/08/10

another very important aspect of sleep relates to neural synaptic growth. when you learn something and you go to sleep, that’s when the new synaptic connections are forming. when you are learning something new, you don’t want to cram at the last minute, you want to have many short learning periods, sleep, that’s helping you build that neural scaffold that helps you learn so much better.

there’s two ways to allow these new neurons to grow and survive. One is you get exposed to new environments. That’s why travel can be so good. That’s where your learning can be effective. the other way of helping these neurons to survive that’s just as powerful as learning is simply to exercise. Even simple walking can be very very effective.

working memory is how you keep a brief thought in mind, there’s maybe four slots in working memory, as something like an octopus of attention, that reaches through those slots of working memory and makes connections between different ideas. multitasking is like taking one of those tentacles away of your working memory. you get a little stupider when you’re multitasking. So that’s why careful focused attention is so incredibly important, especially when you are working on something that’s rather difficult.

The diffuse mode, it’s a lot of connections, but they are much more random in how they take place. so how do you taking something from working memory to long term memory, which is more distributed around in your brain? The best way is through practice. So if you are learning something and you practice, those pattern get deeper and deeper. And that’s how you can learn something and draw it. That’s why sometimes you can learn something from a professor – you even understand it. You’ve had that great stroke of insight. You walk away, don’t look at it for a few days, and those little metabolic vampires just suck that patten away. And you can’t really remember or understand what you have learned previously. So the best way to get patterns well-embedded in your long term memory is to practice through spaced repetition. A good way to think about this is just the analogy of a wall. If you’re building a brick wall and you give yourself time between layers of mortar, it can set, and you can build a solid, sturdy wall. but if you don’t, it’s all kind of a jumble. And it doesn’t turn into a really good structure that you can actually use.

Tests are the best! Test yourself on everything, all the time. The same hour spent testing as opposed to that hour spent studying, you’ll learn far more by taking a test. And use flashcards. If you talk to great poets, what great ports will tell you is memorize the poem, because you’ll feel the passion and the power of the poem much more deeply. Now probably the most valuable technique when you’re trying to really understand something difficult is simply recall. When you’re reading material on a page, you read away, and your tendency is to underline it. But it’s better to write it, because you’re helping to neurally encode these ideas. And when you read the page, simply look away and see what you can recall. That, as it turns out, is very powerful in building your understanding of the material in a way that other techniques, including mind-mapping and re-reading, they are not really as good as recall.

So another very import aspect is simply to study judiciously with other people, or talk about what you’re trying to understand with other people. Explain in a way that a 10-year-old can understand. Richard Feynman used to go around and challenge top mathematicians in the world to explain in a simple way that their grandmother can understand, they could. So this means that no matter how difficult that problem is that you’re working on, if you find a way to explain it simply, you’ll be able to understand it much deeply.

Try to find a way to get yourself into almost like a play, whatever you’re trying to understand. we’re often told, follow your passion. that is the key to everything, and your life will really be a better place for it. But some things, your passion develops about what you really good at. And somethings take much longer to get good at. So don’t just follow your passion. Broaden your passions. And you lives will be greatly enriched.

Learning How to Learn

15/08/09

if you are only focusing, you are not making access or getting access to a lot of the different connections that are available for you. That’s why going back and forth between modes can be so very important.

Procrastination arises in a very interesting way. Studies have shown that if you look at something you don’t like, the pain centers of your brain actually activate. So if you look at a book for a subject you don’t like, you can actually feel a twinge, and we can see it in the brain. you have two different ways of handling it. The first way is you can work through it, like 20 minutes or so, and the pain will gradually disappear. But if you’re like most people, what you’ll do is you’ll just kind of turn your attention away to something more pleasant, and guess what, you’ll feel better immediately, right? so in some sense, procrastination can actually be a little bit like an addiction. you do it once, you do it twice, it’s not that a big deal, you do it a lot of times, though, and it actually can be very very detrimental for your life.

So what I’m going to do is cut right to the chase and say here’s the most effective way to help you deal with procrastination, and it is simply to use the Pomodoro Technique. Because you are only focusing on the task and the time, and not the pain of “I must complete this task” it somehow makes it so much easier to do. Don’t focus on the task, focus on the time.

If you look at the cells, when you’re awake, these metabolites will come out, and they’ll go in between the junctions, and they kind of sit out there, and they’re essentially toxins in your brain. So when you’re awake, these toxins are gradually accumulating in your brain. And they affect your judgement. That’s why when you stay awake a longer and longer time, it’s more and more difficult to think clearly. when you go to sleep, they(cells) shrink, and because they shrink, what that does is that allow fluids to wash by the cells, and wash these metabolites out.

Learning How to Learn

15/08/08

Do things with impact. Work with great people. Be ambitious. Don’t get lost in bureaucracy. Don’t waste time. Travel a lot.

— dustin curtis

Surround yourself with people who inspire you is as important as being talented or working hard

— Drew Houston

15/07/27

The noblest pleasure is the joy of understanding.

— Da Vinci

15/07/17

应该在何时进行重构:重复、非正交的设计、过时的知识、性能。

除了是程序员,Andy Hunt 还是一位木匠和音乐家,而 Dave Thomas 则喜欢驾驶单引擎飞机。编程是一种技艺,一种需要用心学习的技艺。“Hacker: Someone who loves to program and enjoys being clever about it.”

他们在做某件事情时,会把注意力投注在他们在做的事情上 — 然后他们会试着把它做得更好。

设想你在参加一个会议。或许你会想,这个会议没完没了,还不如去写程序,而 Dave 和 Andy 会想,他们为什么会在开会,是否可以通过另外的方式取代会议,或者使某样事情自动化,以使开会的工作推后,然后他们就会这样去做。

开会并非是某种使他们远离编程的事情,开会就是编程,并且是能够加以改善的编程。

将抽象放进代码,细节放进元数据。

可以用医学上的比喻来解释:把需要重构的代码当作一种「肿瘤」,切除它需要进行「侵入性」的外科手术。可以现在手术,趁它还小把它取出来,也可以等它增大并扩散-但那时再切除它就会更昂贵,更危险。等得再久一点,「病人」就有可能会丧命。

在开始重构之前,确保你拥有良好的测试,尽可能经常运行这些测试,这样如果改动破坏了任何东西,你就能很快知道。

不要容忍破窗户。

针对合约进行测试,确保给定的单元遵守其合约。

通过使测试代码易于找到,可以就可以看到使用方法,同时也方便构建回归测试。

解开谜题的关键在于确定加给你的各种约束,并确定你确实拥有的自由度,要找到盒子。

  • 有更容易的方法么?
  • 你是在设法解决真正的问题,还是被外围的技术问题转移了注意力?
  • 这件事情为什么是一个问题?
  • 它必须以这种方式完成吗?

在你的作品上签名,过去时代的手艺人为能在他们的作品上签名而自豪。

— 程序员修炼之道

15/06/16

我所做的每一件事都有赖于我们人类的其他成员,以及他们的贡献和成就。我们很多人都想回馈社会,在历史的长河中再添一笔。我们只能用这种大多数人都掌握的方式去表达——因为我们不会写鲍勃・迪伦的歌或汤姆・斯托帕德的戏剧。我们试图用我们仅有的天分去表达我们深层的感受,去表达我们对前人所有贡献的感激,去为历史长河加上一点儿什么。那就是推动我的力量。

— 乔布斯传

15/06/13

最丰富、最开心和最有成效的生活的特点是有能力在迎接挑战的时候全方位投入,而且还要定期让自己适时退出以补充精力。

压力不是我们生活中的敌人。相反,它是我们成长的关键。为了增强肌肉的力量,我们必须系统地对它施加压力,消耗超出一般水平的能量。这样做实际上会导致肌肉纤维出现极小的撕裂。一次训练结束后,会累得什么都干不了。但是给肌肉 24~48 小时的恢复时间,它会变得更强壮并能更好地经受下一次训练。

锻炼任何“肌肉”的制约因素是我们中有很多人在稍感不适时就退缩了。为了适应我们生活中不断增长的要求,我们必须学会系统地锻炼承受力还不够的肌肉。

进行持久的转变需要一个分为三个步骤的过程:确定目的、面对现实和采取行动。

选手的心率越成直线形或者说没有变化,他们打得就越差,也就越有可能输掉比赛。过多的体力消耗而又没有足够的恢复使他们的心率一直很高。当他们的心率一直很低时—一般来说标志着他们没有尽心尽力或者已经放弃了战斗,他们的表现同样大打折扣。

我的注意力从我一进入开球区就开始集中,然后随着我通过分析和评价为自己的每次击球想出一个清楚的策略而越来越集中。

我们无须付出任何精神上的努力就可以感受快乐, 但是只有在投入非同寻常的精力时才能得到享受的感觉。

工作的时间越长,越是连续工作,工作到越晚,你的效率就越低,就越容易出错。

情商就是这样一种能力:熟练地管理情感,从而促进非常积极的精力和全方位投入。

时常把工作放下,稍微放松一下是一个非常好的计划……当你回来工作时,你的判断会更有把握,因为持续工作会让你失去判断力。

— 精力管理

15/05/31

She took subjects that would be interesting to the children and integrated real mathematics, science and art together for her curriculum.

They need to go through many of the same processes of discovery in order to make new ideas their own.

The Center of Why is Art.

Artist can’t not do their Art: this is their basic personality trait.

The reason people have difficult drawing is not because they can’t move their hands carefully, but because their brains are too eager to recognize objects in the world rather than the shapes made of light.

We see things not as they are, but as we are. That is, whenever we’re looking out into the world, we are always seeing ourselves, we are not really seeing what’s out there. We have to learn very carefully how to see what’s out there.

You can’t learn to see until you realize you are blind. Education is to help people realize they are blind and show them how to see a little.

When I first understood this(lisp) as a student in the 60s I was quite overcome by the beauty and power of this way of looking at things. I thought of this as the Maxwell’s Equation of computing! It had a huge effect on the way I thought about many things. To me, this is the essence of what a computer science should be!

Cesare Pavese said: “To know the world, one must construct it”. We can see that computing is a new kind of Romantic Art Form where we make our ideas as Art, and the understanding of these ideas is Art.

Alan Kay - The Center of “Why?”

15/05/30

Leonardo’s practiced orientation, penetrating intelligence, curiosity and independent sprint led him to question much of the accepted theory and dogma of his time.

In his studies of geology, Leonardo walked the hills of Lombardy and held fossils in his hands. when he wanted to learn anatomy, he dissected more than thirty human bodies and countless animal corpses.

He was in the habit of studying all classical and medieval authorities obtainable on the subjects in which he was interested.

He viewed the work of others as “experience by proxy” to be studied carefully and critically and ultimately to be tested through his own experience.

Learning to think like Leonardo requires the eye-opening work of questioning your own opinions, assumptions and beliefs. are your opinions and beliefs truly your own?

Yet Leonardo reflected sadly that the average human “looks without seeing, listens without hearing, touches without feeling, eats without tasting, moves without physical awareness, inhales without awareness of fragrances and talks without thinking”

“I have found in my own experience that it is of no small benefit when you lie in bed in the dark to go over again in the imagination of the outlines of the forms you have been studying or of other noteworthy things conceived by subtle speculation, and this is certainly a praiseworthy exercise and useful in impressing things on the memory.”

One of the best ways to cultivate the art of visualization is through the visualization of art. Choose any one of the masterpieces of your favorite artist - for example, Leonardo’s The Last Supper or Van Gogh’s Sunflowers. Hang a reproduction on your wall and study it for at least five minutes each day for a week. Then as you drift off to sleep each night aim to re-create the painting in your mind’s eye. Visualize the details. Bring all your senses to this exercise.

Leonardo emphasized that drawing was the foundation of painting and of learning how to see.

Fine music is the most powerful toll for cultivating appreciation of sound and the subtleties of hearing.

Study the science of art and the art of science.

Mind mapping is an invaluable toll for simplifying complex tasks.

Leonardo’s incredible ability to learn and create was predicated on his cultivation of memory, what he called “learning by heart”. After careful observation from multiple perspectives, Leonardo drew a visual image of his subject. Then, late at night or early in the morning, as he lay in bed. he would review and vivify the image in his mind’s eye. Then he compared his mental image to his best drawing until he could hold the perfect image in his mind.

He didn’t need to organize them by category or create an outline, because he saw how everything connected to everything else.

one secret of Leonardo’s unparalleled creativity is his lifelong practice of combining and connecting disparate elements to form new patterns.

Many of his inventions and designs arose from the playful, imaginary combinations he made of different natural forms.

— How to think like Leonardo da vinci

15/05/27

There are only two kinds of programming languages: those people always bitch about and those nobody uses.

— Bjarne Stroustrup

15/05/26

伯克希尔历史上最严重的错误是坐失良机的错误。这样的错误可以分为两类:1. 什么也不做,沃伦称之为“吮吸我的大拇指”;2. 有些股票本来应该买很多,但是只买了一点。

当年几乎所有人都在试图修正麦克斯韦的电磁定律,以便它能够符合牛顿的三大运动定律,然而爱因斯坦却转了个180度大弯,修正了牛顿的定律,让其符合麦克斯韦的定律,结果他发现了相对论。

如果你们只是记得一些孤立的事物,试图把它们硬凑起来,那么你们无法真正地理解任何东西。如果这些事物不在一个理论框架中相互联系,你们就无法把它们派上用场。

如果你告诉人们事情的时候,总是告诉他们原因,他们就能更深刻地理解你说的话,就会更加重视你说的话,也会更倾向于听从你说的话。就算他们不理解你的理由,他们也会更倾向于听你的话。

— 《穷查理宝典》

15/05/23

“Money is like gasoline during a road trip. You don’t want to run out of gas on your trip, but you’re not doing a tour of gas stations.”

— Tim O’Reilly

我这辈子遇到的聪明人(来自各行各业的聪明人)没有不每天阅读的——没有,一个都没有。沃伦读书之多,我读书之多,可能会让你感到吃惊。我的孩子们都笑话我。他们觉得我是一本长了两条腿的书。”

由于受到第二次世界大战期间各种因素的刺激,我曾短暂地钻研过基础物理学。这次钻研极大地提高了我的智慧。结果我得到了更多的思维模式,所以我更不会成为寓言中那个‘拿着铁锤的人’。

查理选择了数学作为他的专业,因为他被数学逻辑和推理所吸引。上了一门理科必修的基础课程之后,他也喜欢上了物理学。查理为物理学的魅力和广阔的研究范围而着迷,尤其让他印象深刻的是阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦这样的物理学家研究未知事物的过程。查理后来热衷于用物理学的方式来解决问题,他认为这是处理各种生活问题的有效技巧。他常常说,任何人要想获得成功,都应该学习物理学。

查理有把事情彻底弄清楚的欲望。他遇事喜欢穷根究底,无论该事跟他有密切关系与否。任何引起他注意的事情,他都想对其有更多的认识,更多的了解,弄清楚那到底是怎么回事。

找出你最擅长的事情,然后持之以恒、乐此不疲地去把它做好。

我们最值得纪念的一次通信谈论的是股票期权及其扭曲商业结果的力量。我们最长的一次通信详细地讨论了裸鼢鼠的择偶习惯以及它们对人类的启示。

对查理来说,成功的投资只是他小心谋划、专注行事的生活方式的副产品。

你必须知道重要学科的重要理论,并经常使用它们。

“迅速歼灭不该做的事情,接着对该做的事情发起熟练的、跨学科的攻击,然后,当合适的机会来临——只有当合适的机会来临——就采取果断的行动。”

他把击打区划分为77个棒球那么大的格子。只有当球落在他的“最佳”格子时,他才会挥棒,即使他有可能因此而三振出局,因为挥棒去打那些“最差”格子会大大降低他的成功率。

他经常思考的因素包括“转换”——比如热力学的定律跟经济学的定律有何相似之处(例如纸张和石油如何变成一份投递到门口的报纸),心理倾向和激励因素。

好的玩家从他应付游戏里各种局面的能力中得到快乐。

你是对是错,并不取决于别人同意你还是反对你——惟一重要的是你的分析和判断是否正确。

随大流只会让你往平均值靠近。

— 《穷查理宝典》

15/05/16

Writing is nature’s way of letting you know how sloppy your thinking is

— Guindon (cartoon)

15/05/15

[22:36] but the reality is, these successful movies – as with all successful products – have got thousands of ideas. It’s just all sorts of things necessary to make it be successful. And you have to get most of them right to do it. And that’s why you need a team that works well together.

[24:51] They thought the audience lost the taste for 2D, and they just watch 3D. It was all nonsense. It has nothing to do with technology. It had to do with the story.

[25:23] sometimes you see people do a remake of a movie. But you notice, they always remake good movies. And rarely do they beat the good movies. But the fact is there are thousands of movies out there that are actually ‘great ideas’, but they are poorly executed. They should be remaking bad movies.

[28:40] A few things we learnd: One is constant review. The second is, it must be safe for people to tell the truth. Third is that communication should not mirror the orgnizational hierarchy. People and how they function is more important than ideas. And do not let success mask problems. Do a deep assessment.

[33:19] Every product that we’re making has got to be original, which implies that we can never repeat ourselves. So the secret is, we have to keep on digging deeper and deeper and knowing that we’re always missing something that’s important.

[34:28] The falling takes place slow, but the collapse is quick. You have to do constant assessment. You have to look for the hard truths.

[36:06] But this approach in thinking about it and always diving deeper and questioning, has led us to assemble the best people in the industry. It’s the most extraordinary team I’ve worked with.

Ed Catmull, Pixar: Keep Your Crises Small

15/05/11

[6:30]we show it everyday when it’s incomplete. if everybody does it every day. then you get over the embarrassment. And when you get over the embarrassment, you’re more creative.

[11:07]communication needs to be happen between anybody in the company at any time, peer to peer.

Ed Catmull, Pixar: Keep Your Crises Small

In life, the best way to learn a skill, is to make a lot of pots.

What’s the best way to learn something

  1. Choose the concept you want to understand.
  2. Pretend you’re teaching the idea to someone else.
  3. if you get stuck, go back to the book.
  4. Simplify your language.

How to learn fast (Feynman technique)

Before 15/05/11

your effort to remain what you are is what limits you.

— Puppet Master

make everything as simple as possible, but not simpler.

— Albert Einstein

know exactly what you want.

Steve Pavlina

许多事情,不是因为难以做到才让人们失去信心,而是人们失去了信心,事情才变得难以做到

我们觉得不快乐,是因为往往我们追求的不是“幸福”,而是“比别人幸福”

每个人从出生开始就呆在自己挖的一个洞穴里,我们所见的世界只不过是被阳光抛到洞穴墙壁上的影像,而我们这些洞穴的居民却把它当作是真实的世界,因为我们没有见到过其他的东西。而真实的世界却是在洞穴之外,在有太阳的地方

— 柏拉图 洞穴理论

大多数人误以为领袖就是那些「有很多追随者的人」,但真实世界的领袖根本不是那样,他们是一群坚持走自己的路,根本不理会後面有没有人跟随,甚至连头都懒得回的人。

— John Holt

在一个广场上,人挤人,你不知道方向在哪里,但如果你站得高一点,看得远一点,就知道周遭的种种拥挤对你来说其实毫无意义。

一个人生命中最大的幸运,莫过于在他的人生中途,即在他年富力强的时候发现了自己的使命。

— 斯蒂芬.茨威格

不尝试着做些能力之外的事情,就永远无法成长。

一些人会按你说的做,但更多人都会按你做的做。

编程的乐趣:创造事物的乐趣;开发对他人有用的东西的快乐;将可以活动、相互啮合的零部件组装成类似迷宫的东西,这个过程体现出的令人神魂颠倒的魅力;面对不重复的任务,不断学习的乐趣;工作在如此易于驾驭的介质——纯粹的思维活动上的乐趣。

如果你想要造一艘船,先不要雇人去收集木头,也不要分配任务,而是去激发他们对海洋的渴望。

对所做的事理解越深,就会做得越好。

上士闻道,勤能习之;中士闻道,若存若亡;下士闻道,大笑之。


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